Road Pricing & Leadership Summit
Metropolitan Hotel, Toronto -- June 18, 2010
With its recent $4 billion cutback to MoveOntario 2020, the provincial government has left Metrolinx’s "Big Move” Regional Transportation Plan and Toronto’s Transit City initiative in jeopardy. Meanwhile, over 400 Ontario municipalities cannot keep up with their road repair backlog – and many cannot provide or expand transit service to their citizens. Could a made-in-Ontario road pricing policy generate dedicated revenues needed to get these plans back on track? Would such a policy give motorists an incentive to actually use the envisioned multi-modal system once it has been built? And level the playing field for those who choose to take transit, walk and bike?
At this point, the answer for Ontario is “perhaps”. While Transport Futures 2008 and 2009 taught us that a range of road pricing systems are being implemented around the world to help reduce congestion, fight climate change and finance sustainable transportation infrastructure, we’ve also learned that political leadership is paramount if road pricing is to be accepted by the public.
Oregon Senator Bruce Starr, New York City Council Member Melissa Mark-Viverito, Langley Mayor Peter Fassbender and Projet Montréal Leader Richard Bergeron agreed that a bi-partisan communications strategy that lays out road pricing facts and benefits can ultimately change mindsets.
Oregon’s Mileage Fee pilot project was initiated in 2002 when the government realized that an increasing number of electric vehicles would erode the gas tax – which is earmarked for the state’s road infrastructure. Paraphrasing renowned American psychologist Abraham Maslow, Senator Starr stated, “Job number one is to make the system known. When system administration, efficiency, fairness, privacy, technology, rate structures and compliance choices are explained, public concerns are alleviated.”
According to NYC Council Member Mark-Viverito, a 3-year congestion charge pilot project, proposed in the city’s 2007 PlanNYC master plan, never saw the light of day. Despite “an aggressive campaign” mounted by the city council in conjunction with a diverse range of business, environmental and social justice partners, the “unaccountable government” in Albany never voted to give NYC the required tolling legislation. Just the same, Mark-Viverito believes that “the issue will surface again” as the city’s pollution, congestion and underfunded transit service continue to get worse.
Mayor Fassbender, speaking in his role as TransLink Chair, believes that good working relationships are required if the use of the automobile is to be changed. “It is time to stop pointing fingers at other municipal politicians and levels of government. But we must also tell the province of the realities on the ground -- even if they don’t like it.” He spoke of the need for a 40-year infrastructure plan that is self-financing, which would include tolling existing infrastructure.
Public support for bridge tolls in Montreal is now at 72 percent. Projet Montréal Leader Richard Bergeron stated that this level of support is possible when revenues are clearly dedicated to transportation infrastructure. He stated that the best way to support transit investment over road infrastructure was to use real cost comparisons.
In summary, we found out that leaders from outside Ontario have the road pricing answers that our current and would-be leaders at home must learn. We don’t have to re-invent the wheel but we do have to educate politicians and citizens alike in a respectful manner. We’ll continue to do just that with our fall conference, webinars and community consultations. Stay tuned!